U C C see United
U-18 1958 = VTOL personal transport gyroplane. 2pCAg: 180hp Lycoming O-360: rotor: 35'0" load: 600# v: 126/100/0-10 range: 360. Gross wt: 1800#. All-metal. Three-blade free-rotor; tandem seating. $9,995 basic; POP: 75 by 1965. Developed by Air & Space Inc as model 18-A (SEE Farrington).
Union Rotorplane [X772N] (Atlantic & Pacific Wirephoto)
1927 = 3pOB; 90hp OX-5, replaced with 120hp Tips & Smith Super-Rhône static rotary; span: 32'0" length: 23'6". Described by historian John M Jarratt as a "hybrid from many parts." Very likely a company test-bed. POP: 1  c/n 21.
Lark c.1928 = SEE Lark.
UAC Special 1928 = 2-4pO/CB; 225hp Wright J-5. F R McConigal. 4p cabin modified to 2p open cockpit, or vice-versa. POP: 1 [X5613].
United, U C C
United Twin Bee [N87589] (Dan Shumaker)
(Data: March 1930)
United Helicopters see Hiller
1930 = Acquired the assets and plant of Marchetti Motors (qv), but apparently never did anything with it. In 1917-18 the company had built about 50 Curtiss JN-4s under a wartime contract.
Stinson 108-5 1964 = 4pChwM; 180hp Franklin 6A-335-B1; span: 33'11" length: 25'2" load: 1100# v: 152/132/65 range: 475; ff: 4/21/64. Updated Stinson 108-3 [N5565V]; also marketed kit for modifying 108-3 to -5. SEE ALSO Ercoupe, Taylorcraft.
Universal Concept art (stock certificate via Kathy Mize)
1930 = 1pFb under development; span: 30'0". No production or flight data found.
98 Trainer 1934 = 1-2pOB; 40hp Ford A. POP: unknown, but 6 registered [13950 c/n 3, 13973 c/n 7, 13999 c/n 18, 14884 c/n 11, 15179 c/n 10], and 1 with 50hp Ford [11597 c/n 50]. Others appear in regs as "Univeral 36" with 40hp Continental [eg: 17671 c/n 7186-F], but c/ns suggest those were American-Universal Flying Fleas.
Universal Flying Flea SEE American Flea
University of Minnesota
T-1 1936 = 1pOlwM; 55hp Jacobs. Tailless experiment, a student project under the guidance of Prof John D Akerman [X14880]; SEE Akerman.
Pretty Prairie Special I 1938 = 2pOB; 60hp Rearwin-LeBlond; span (upper): 24'0" (lower) 18'0" length: 16'0" v: 100/95/50. Marion Unruh, based on Knight Twister. , built by Albright.
Special II 1966 = 1pOB; 75hp Continental A-75; ff: 6/27/66 [N8635E]; span (upper): 15'0" (lower): 13'0" length: 15'5" load: 300# v: 150/120/70. Unruh began construction in 1937, but it was not until after he had retired from USAF in 1959 that it was finished.
Uppercu SEE Aeromarine, Burnelli
Toadstabber 1934 = 1pOM; 36hp Ford.  c/n HU-2. With such an intiguing model name, it is unfortunate no photo or specs were located. Note that Henry gets top billing in the c/n.
U S Aircraft SEE Air-istocrat
U S Flyer
U S Flyer [X6605] (company brochure)
C-1, C-2 1929 = As previous, with 100hp Hisso. POP: 2 [3502, 880H] c/n 12 and 13.
Back Yard Flyer Prototype 1p high-wing (Valley Engr)
CV 1931 = 1pOB with 70hp VAMP-designed and -built motor [579Y]. Company built several unstated types, as well as replicas of Blériots and Cessna mid-wings.
Biplane 1911 = 1pOB; 50hp Harriman pusher.
Sport c.1930 = OB; LeRhône rotary. Murray-Yarton built as a high school project under the guidance of Van Camp, a wood shop teacher and cousin of designer Murray. POP: reportedly 3; only [406W] c/n 103 found in registers, but Van Camp's daughter says one went to Alaska.
1923 = 1pOB; 270hp Salmson Z-9; v: 122. Chesty, mail-type plane used by Vance for transcontinental speed attempt.
Vance Flying Wing Race #61? [NR12700]
M-1 Golden Arrow 1929 = 1pOlwM; 27hp Kemp-Henderson; span: 24'6" length: 15'9" load: 225# v: 80/70/28 range: 250. All-wood with fabric-covered wings. $895; POP: 1.
V-1 Golden Arrow 1929 = 1pOB; 27hp Kemp-Henderson; span: 20'6" length: 14'6". Other data similar to M-1. All-wood with fabric-covered wings. $895; POP: ??, [365H] c/n 5, and others.
V-S-1 Baby Lark 1929 = 1pOB; 27hp Kemp-Henderson; span: (upper) 20'0" (lower) 21'10" length: 14'6" load: 250# v: 85/70/24 range: 350. All-wood with fabric-covered wings. $935, $1,180 with 40hp Szekely. Advertisements appear for a home-builders' Vance project as either biplane or monoplane, with a complete kit offered for $180 less motor and dope, which is most likely a version of this model. It is unknown is if any were ever built and flown, but ads like these, catering to the flying craze of the late 1920s, were common in periodicals.
1928 = 1pOB; 35hp Lawrance; span: 21'0" v: 85/65/30-35. Midget biplane.
VanDellen LH-2 [N4826E] (Airpower Museum)
1923 = 1pOhwM; 2-cyl Harley-Davidson engine, which was not the only motorcycle part used. Open frame fuselage. On the first run of the engine the airplane spun around, ran over a small tree, and almost made it to the neighbor's porch. Taxiing trials were made, but the airplane would not rise, so it ended up instead as a powered sled.
Merganser 1982 = 2pCmwMFb canard; 81hp Revmaster 2100D; span: 17'6" length: 14'2" load: 447# v: 165/147/54. [N5001S].
1936 = 2pOM; 60hp Anzani. .
Model 2C, 2D Omniplane 1960 = 2pClwM fan-in-wing VTOL research aircraft; 265hp Lycoming O-540-A1A; span: 22'0" length: 25'6" load: 500# v: 190/x/0 range: 150. In forward flight, covers above the rotors and louvers below sealed the wing for aerodynamic lift. Thrust was produced by a 5' shrouded prop in the tail, elevator and rudder behind the rear fan controlled pitch and yaw, while differential propeller blade pitch affected roll in hover. Ground tests, starting in Aug 1959 and including tethered hover trials, were followed by NASA full-scale wind tunnel testing. Modifications in 1961, including a 860hp Lycoming YT53-L-1 turboshaft, improved control system, and 5' nose extension to house a third lifting prop, led to the redesignation 2D. The nose prop improved control in pitch, as well as in yaw through the use of movable exit vanes. 2D completed tethered hover tests, but was damaged by a mechanical failure and discontinued in early 1962.
1910 = 1pOB; 35hp Kemp. Copy of Curtiss A, one of the undocumented first attempts by early home-builders. Based on the then-popular Wright design.
RV-3 1973 = 1pClwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290G; span: 19'11" length: 19'0" load: 355# v: x/180/48. Dick VanGrunsven. All-metal construction. EAA Best Aerodynamics Award 1972. Marketed plans and kits for home-builders. More than 3,300 RVs were reportedly completed and flying by mid-2003.
Van's RV-4 (Harmon Lange)
RV-5 Swinger 1976 = 1pChwM; 32hp VW; span: 20'0" length: 16'5" load: 275# v: 95/85/45 range: 300; ff: 5/x/76.
Van's RV-6 (Joseph Abril)
Van's RV-7 [N137RV] (Van's)
RV-8, -8A 1995 = Expanded tandem cockpit and luggage area. 2pClwM; 150-200hp Lycoming; span: 24'0" length: 21'0" v: 222/212/51 (200hp). RV-8A with tri-gear. Kits: $14,770-14,995; quick-build: $21,750-21,995.
Van's RV-9 [N179RV] (Van's)
Van's RV-10 [N410RV] (Van's)
Flying Dutchman 1948 = 1pClwM; 85hp Continental C-85; span: 21'4". Midget racer [N7E]. Originally named Jezebel. Appeared at Cleveland in 1948 but did not fly.
(Phelps) 1927 (Toledo) = 3pO/CM; 70hp (?>125hp) Ryan-Siemens SH-13; span: 38'7" length: 24'7". Side-by-side seating in a rear cabin and a forward cockpit that could be open or enclosed. POP: 1 [X4919] c/n 281. Sold to Dr Leland E Phelps of Toledo c.1928, who rebuilt and expanded the plane as 4pCM; span: 41'6" length: 27'3". A NASM abstract mentions a letter from Dr Phelps, dated 10/7/29, stating that he was "the owner and builder of both planes (?)" and that the latter was designed by Dimas Ybarra. "We used parts, instruments, etc, of the first plane, but built a new fuselage and wing. We received permission to use the same [reg] numbers and destroyed the old wing and gave the old fuselage to the Toledo Aviation Club for use in class work. Never flown when called the Van Valkenberg." Licensed as Phelps Monoplane #1, registration canceled 9/10/30; also seen as Phelps Z-281.
VM-11 1927 (McKeesport) = 5pO-CM; 180hp Mercedes 6; span 38'2" length: 24'6. Built at Bettis Field, McKeesport, in association with Clifford Ball and D Barr Peat. 4p cabin, open cockpit at the rear. Crashed 11/3/27. POP: 1 [1540/2972] c/n 11reregistration unexplained.
Vapor Trail SEE Murray
Varga 2150A [N8266J] (Eddie Coates coll)
2180 1981 (4A19) = POP: 18.
2180TG 1982 = Conventional-gear configuration by Hibbard Aviation Co, Oakland CA. POP: 3.
1921 = 3-4pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. War-surplus Standard J-1 conversions. SEE ALSO Stearman-Varney.
V A T
Hummingbird 1988 = 4pCH; 270hp Chevrolet V-8; load: 1000# v: x/98/0 range: 350. A highly modified version of Sikorsky S-52-3.
Elite 1992 = 10pCH; 700hp Garrett TSE331; load: 2500# v:114/x/0 range: 325. A highly modified version of Sikorsky S-55 [N2650M].
Vega 35-67 [NX14299] (North American)
Vega 35-67 [NX21760] (clip: Air News)37 1941 = Wartime production of Lockheed Vega.
140 SEE Boeing B-38.
B-40 SEE Boeing B-40.
Vega Flying Test Stand [NX18149] (WASM)
Vega Starliner [NX21725] (Lockheed)
Arrow 1936 = 2pOB; 65hp Velie M-5.
Velie product lineup (Dan Shumaker coll)
173 19?? = Home-builder kit canard project based on Rutan Long EZ airframe. 4pCmwM; 180-210hp Lycoming pusher; span: 31'0" (canard: 15'8") length: 19'2" load: 1050# v: 198/186/81 range: 1460 ceiling: 20,000' (data for basic 172). Larger-wing version of Standard J-1. Kits available in RG (retractable gear) and Elite (gull-wing) models for $26,000-33,000; partial and pre-built sub-assembly components also offered on all kits.
Delta Hawk = No data yet.
Velocity SE-FG (Velocity)
Standard 1985 = 4pCmwM; 180-210hp Lycoming pusher; span: 29'4" (canard: 13'8") length: 19'0" load: 1020# v: 207/196/86 range: 1512 ceiling: 20,000' (data for basic Standard); ff: 7/x/85. Available in RG and Elite models for $25,000-32,000.
XL 1997 = 4pCmwM; 260-300hp Lycoming pusher; span: 31'0" (canard: 15'8") length: 20'0" load: 1090# v: 213/201/86 range: 1258 ceiling: 20,000'+ (data for basic XL). Also RG and Elite models for $34,000-38,000.
Model 100 Sunbird 1987 = 2pChwM; 70hp Emdair CF 092B pusher; span: 32'0" length: 23'8" load: 490# v: 128/115/42 range: 400; ff: 10/5/87 [N100VI].
S-220 ESTOL c.1973 = 2pOmwM; 210hp Continental IO-360 pusher; span: 24'0" length: 21'0" load: 650# v: 273/248/32 range: 1120. Planned kit aircraft. The only photo seen was of a mock-up in a building on North 25A (now owned by Edington Heating). The producer, a Mr Oliver, also owned a 250 Comanche, which was also purchased by Guy Edington. The lawyers, as usual, got the rest of the assets.
Vertidynamics / Vertigyro SEE Nagler
44 - Commercial and cargo transport. 1275hp Wright R-1820; rotor: 44'0" length: 52'6" load: 5420# v: 127/101/0 range: 360. Fore-and-aft rotors.
44A 19?? = 19p cargo version.Vertol 76 (Vertol)
76, VZ-2 19?? = 2p tilt-wing VTOL experiment. Large props on the leading edge which tilted with the wing. No other data.
Vertol 107 [N74060] (Vertol)
234 SEE Boeing Vertol 234.
347 SEE Boeing Vertol 347.
H-16 1955 = Conversion of Piasecki YH-16A to turbine power.
Vertol CH-21 (US Army)
H-21B Work Horse 1957 = USAF/RCAF version.YHC-1 Chinook 1959 = US Army version of 107. CH; two GE T58 gas turbines; main rotor: 48'4" length: 52'8" v: 155. Prototype for Boeing-Vertol CH-47.
Verville, Verville-Packard, Verville-Sperry
1915 Verville (G P Maiorana coll)
104-A Air Coach 1933 (ATC 2-454) = 4pChwM; 220hp Wright J-5. POP: 1 converted from 104-C [NC68W=NS11].
Verville 104-C [X303V] (Eric Blocher coll)Verville AT [NC450M] (WASM)
AT Sportsman 1930 (ATC 323) = 2pOB; 165hp Continental A-70; span: 31'0" length: 24'3" load: 678# v: 120/100/50 range: 370. $5,250; POP: 11 [NC450M/459M c/ns 1/5, 7/10 ([NC456M] c/n 27 wasn't licensed until 6/10/31), NC476Y c/n 14]; c/n 7 became c/n 27, c/n11 became c/n 20, c/ns 12 and 15/18 were not used, c/n 19 went to LT. Design and production rights sold to White Aircraft Co in 1939.
Basic color scheme for ATs was green/orange for c/ns 1/3, black/orange for c/ns 4 and 27, blue/orange for c/ns 5/6, 8/10, and 19; c/n 13 as described below, others unrecorded. [NC476Y] was customized for Col Robert R McCormick with enlarged cockpits (McCormick weighed 225# stripped), and the ability of plane to be started and flown from both cockpits; special paint scheme: jet black wing and chassis struts; army yellow wings and tail surface; berry red (artillery red) fuselage; silver louvers. ( Eric Blocher 10/1/07)
Verville AT-4 [S478Y] (Skyways)LT Sportsmanl 1931 = AT fitted with 210hp Lycoming R-680 for Lycoming Mfg Co, Williamsport PA. POP: 1 [X10898] c/n 19.
Verville Training Plane Prototype [479Y] (Eric Blocher coll)
Verville PT-10C [31-521] (USAAC Wright Field)
Verville-Packard R-1 [AS-40126] (G P Maiorana coll)
-Sperry M-1 SEE Sperry M-1.
Verville-Sperry R-3 Advertising art
Canso A, OA-10A 194 = Consolidated PBY-5A. POP: 139 to RCAF [9806/9844, 11001/11100] and 230 to USAF as OA-10A [44-33868/34097]. Exports to RAF of 36 as Catalina IIA, 12 PBY-5A as Catalina III, 11 PBY-5A as Catalina IV, and 70 PBY-5B as Catalina IVA.
OA-10B 1945 = Consolidated PBY-6A. POP: 75 to USAAF.
Victor SEE Heinrich
G-1 Sportster 1929 = 2pM; 75hp Lenape LM-5RA [X498E].
VK-1 1929 = 2pOB; 90hp Cirrus Mk III; span: 30'0". Felix Knoll. POP: 1 [851N] c/n 101. Details cloudyregisters indicate this was a possible metal-fuselage evolution of Knoll KN-1, but leave unexplained a major engine change to 220hp Wright.
Vimac 1929 = 2pOhwM; Lee motor. Reported as in development, but no final version was found.
SS-1 1928 = 3pOB; 150hp Hallett H-526; span: 31'0" length: 23'4". William L Shaffer. Fabric-covered steel-tube fuselage and wood-framed wings. No production data was found about this short-lived company, who announced they would keep the initial selling price at $2,000, except for a sole registry of [X5626] c/n 1. Some records show installation of a 90hp Curtiss OX-5. X license cancelled 1/2/30; ID cancelled 7/2/34.
Plane-a-copter 1930 = 1pOH; 98hp Curtiss OX-5. A described "windmill" with counter-rotating wings was apparently before its time. It crashed, was modified and rebuilt, then shelved.
Vidal BT-16 SEE Vultee BT-16
VS-1 1961 = 2pChwM; 85hp Continental C-85-8; span: 29'0" length: 21'0" load: 526# v: 130/118/40 range: 450; ff: 10/4/61 [N847Z]. Built and flown by Vidervol, it was prototype for Szaraz SDS-1A.
B-1-A c.1930 = Unknown type with LeBlond engine; no data. . Vieweg was superintendant of Northwest Aircraft & Motor Corp (ex-Clifford Aircraft Corp), organized Trojan Glider Club and built several gliders, instructed in gliders at Boeing Field.
Viking SEE Chicago Aviation
ALSO SEE Bourdon
Viking Kittyhawk B-8
Viking OO-1 [V152, V155] (USCG)
Viking V-2 Ex-Schreck 17-HT-4 [NC792K] (Aerofiles coll)
Dragonfly 1980 = 2pCl/mw tandem-wing; 56hp HAPI/VW [N5WN]; span: 22'0" length: 19'0" load: 670# v: 168/140/45 range: 500; ff: 6/16/80. R J Walters.
1925 = 3pOB; Hisso or OX-5; span: 29'0" length: 18'0" v: 95/x/25. .
192? = 2pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5, no other data. .
Vin-Del Aircraft SEE Owl
1999 = 1pClwM rg; 1100# Turbomèca Marbore; span: 24'5" length: 26'5" v: 460/x/78; ff: 10/22/99. Kitform personal jet for home-builder market, composite contruction.
VisionAire Vantage [N247VA] (VisionAire)
10 1961 = 2pChwM; 135hp Lycoming O-290-D2C; span: 35'0" length: 22'10" load: 700# v: 135/115/48 range: 575 ceiling: 14,000'. All-metal construction. POP: 1 [N6663D].
Volaire 1050 [N6666D] (company brochure )
Volante Flying Car
Volmer, Volmer Jensen
Volmer Jensen is equally well-known for producing the model of Enterprise seen on the original "Star Trek" television series.
Sport 1942 = 2pOlwM. Resin-impregnated plywood construction.
VJ-21 Jaybird 1947 = 2pChwM; 75hp Continental A-75 pusher; span: 45'0" length: 24'0" load: 500# v: 135/110/35 range: 400. Originally with 75hp Lycoming O-145. All-metal evolution of gliderlike Jarvis Jaybird; take-off run: 50', landing run: 150'. Monowheel gear with outriggers on the wings. Reportedly more than 900 plans sold to builders through the 1960s.
Volmer VJ-22 (Dan Shumaker)
Volpar 18 [NC19452] (Volpar)
Volpar Super 18 [NC343V] (Volpar)
C-45G [N8823Z] (Ed Coates)
Turboliner 1967 = Turboprop conversions of Beechcraft 18. 17pClwM rg; 705hp Garrett TPE331-1-101B; ff: 4/12/67. Manufactured by Hamilton Aircraft, Tucson AZ.
1930 = 2pChwMAm; 180hp LeRhône rotary. [879Y]. Wings were never attached, so the plane was never flownsome reports claimed that von Cosel, an undertaker by trade, kept his dead wife in it for an unstated period of time. When he left Key West in 1940, he took the plane with him and both disappeared.
TP 1929 = 2pOB; 120hp Siemens-Halske. Von Hoffman, Gordon Israel. Basic trainer project that fell victim to the stock market crash that year. POP: 1 [X575E].
von Pomer SEE Van Pomer
PhoenixJet 1998 = Resurrection of twin-tail Bede BD-10, but redesigned with subsonic wing as a military JPATS primary trainer.
W-2V 1938 = 2pOM; 125hp Warner Scarab. .
1911 Vought Patent drawings
Vought (Chance Vought),
|"You fly an airplane with your head, not your hands. Never let an airplane take you somewhere your brain didn't get to five minutes earlier." Tony LeVier|